Floyd Emerson Galloway was born on September 11, 1890, at Falmouth, Kentucky. He attended the University of Kentucky, and was commissioned a second lieutenant of Infantry on June 16, 1917, and promoted to first lieutenant the same date.

He attended the Officers Training Camp at Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands, from July to September in 1917. He was then assigned to the 31st Infantry at Fort William McKinley. He accompanied that regiment to Siberia in August 1918 and returned with it to the Philippine Islands in April 1920. From June 1920 to October 1920 he served as Transport Quartermaster of the Czechoslovakian Repatriation Service. He then was assigned to duty at Fort Benning, Georgia, with the Infantry School Detachment.

In August 1921 he entered the Air Service Pilot School at Carlstrom Field, Florida. In January 1922 he became a student in the Air Service Observation School at Post Field, Oklahoma. He was assigned to duty in Richmond, Virginia, in August 1922 as an Air Service instructor with the 80th Division, Organized Reserve. On December 4, 1922, he transferred from the Infantry to the Air Service.

He was assigned to duty at Langley Field, Virginia, in December 1924 to command the 50th Observation Squadron. In March 1927 he became Secretary of the Air Corps Technical School at Chanute Field, Illinois. He assumed command of the Air Corps Technical School Detachment in February 1928. In May 1928 he became Commanding Officer of the 15th Observation Squadron at Selfridge Field, Michigan.

He was assigned to Washington, D.C., in July 1928, as Aide and Personal Pilot to the Assistant Secretary of War, Charles B. Robbins. In March 1929 he assumed command of Bowman Field, Kentucky. He was sent to Maxwell Field, Alabama, in August 1931 to command the 51st Observation Squadron. He entered the Air Corps Tactical School there in September 1932, and was graduated in June 1933. He then went to Crissy Field, California, as Executive Officer. In October 1932 he went to Rockwell Field, California, for advanced aviation training. He returned to his duties at Crissy Field in December 1933.

He served with the Air Corps Mail Operations from February 1934 to May 1934 at Pearson Field, Washington. He then returned to Crissy Field as Engineer Officer. In May 1935 he assumed command of Crissy Field. He was sent to Fort Lewis, Washington, in July 1936 to command the 91st Observation Squadron and served there until August 1937, when he entered the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He was graduated in June 1938 and sent to Washington, D.C., to command Bolling Field.

From September 1939 to June 1940 he attended the Army War College in Washington. Upon graduation, he was assigned to Maxwell Field, Alabama, as Commanding Officer of the Air Corps Advanced Flying School there. He assumed command of the Air Base at Albrook Field, Panama Canal Zone, in March 1941. He was given an unannounced overseas assignment in October 1941. (Assignments current as of January 15, 1946)

He was rated a Command Pilot, Combat Observer, and Aircraft Observer.

Second Lieutenant of Infantry, June 16, 1917; First Lieutenant, June 16, 1917; Captain (temporary), June 8, 1918; Captain, 1 July, 1920; Air Service, August 5, 1921; transferred to Air Service, December 4, 1922; Major, November 1, 1934; Lieutenant Colonel (temporary), August 26, 1936, to July 1, 1940; Lieutenant Colonel, July 1, 1940; Colonel (temporary), October 16, 1940; Colonel, A.U.S., December 24, 1941; Brigadier General, A.U.S., October 29, 1942; terminated Brigadier General, A.U.S., May 27, 1943; Colonel, A.U.S., December 24, 1941; retired January 31, 1947, in the grade of Colonel.

World War I Victory Medal, American Defense Service Medal with Foreign Service Clasp, American Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal.