A timeless task
By Airman 1st Class Taylor Workman, 9th Intelligence Squadron
/ Published September 29, 2016
BEALE AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. (AFNS) -- In the dark confines of a deployable van, a Defense Department unit here provides the production, exploitation and dissemination of U-2 aerial film. To some, the operation could be considered a relic of the Cold War, but to the Airmen of the 9th Intelligence Squadron’s Optical Bar Camera Flight, it is the heart and soul of the Air Force’s high-altitude intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance mission.
Utilizing the Optical Bar Camera, the U-2 has delivered film with high-quality resolution during peacetime and war operations for more than 60 years.
“We still process wet film because there is not a digital medium in ISR that can beat it, let alone match it,” said Staff Sgt. Tinese Jackson, the 9th IS OBC mission manager. “The image quality and the amount of imagery we can capture in one mission cannot be done in a digital format.”
OBC imagery flexes its ISR muscles across more than 30 missions per year, but one in particular has a special place in Jackson’s heart.
In 2014, OBC imagery was specifically requested because it was the only sensor that could capture the entire area of Mount Sinjar, Iraq, in the timeline required. Trapped on the mountain were 50,000 Yazidi refugees who’d fled their homes after the Sinjar massacre, an attack by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant that ended in the slaughter of 5,000 villagers.
“Our mission was used to find the refugees and aid in the distribution of food, water and other survival necessities until help could arrive,” Jackson said.
Once the film arrived at Beale Air Force Base, products were generated and sent to combatant commanders within 12 hours.
The imagery aided efforts to provide relief to the refugees and was shared with U.S. allies, leading to the liberation of those trapped on the mountain.
Because the film is used in many humanitarian efforts like this one, it’s crucial the process is executed flawlessly.
“We inspect every inch of the film and the copies for damage, to include exposure issues, scratches and anything that would degrade the quality of the images,” Jackson said. “Our number one priority is to send a product that has high quality imagery and will stand the test of time.”
When each roll of OBC film is received by 9th IS aerial imagery production specialists, it’s roughly 10,500 feet long, weighs about 100 pounds, inside of a light-sealed container. Airmen working in a dark, debris-free environment develop the film, or original negative, using a Versamat 1140 film processor. The machine develops the exposed image and removes any pieces left unexposed by the camera.
Once the film is processed, Airmen swiftly cut it into manageable sections and prep it for printing. The printing process is comprised of annotating any imperfections on the film caused by the camera or Versamat, then duplicating the negative to produce a positive image.
Duplication is vital to the OBC mission because the positive image is the only version of the film that intelligence analysts can exploit.
From start to finish, the complete process takes approximately 12 hours before delivery to OBC geospatial analysts for exploitation.
“We are responsible for creating imagery products for combatant commanders downrange,” said Senior Airman Rodney, a 9th IS OBC geospatial analyst. “We locate any activity on the imagery and research the target to provide a complete analysis package.”
Even in an age of seemingly unlimited digital platforms, Capt. Sean Bruderer, the OBC flight commander, said film still superior.
“OBC film provides unparalleled broad-area mapping at a fraction of the cost and with better resolution,” Bruderer said. “It is invaluable imagery, for mapping and reference, to coalition and national partners worldwide in an ongoing fight against adversaries.”