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Pachyderm PCS: Elephant finds new home courtesy of Air Force

SAN ANDREAS, Calif. -- Maggie, a 25-year-old African elephant, checks out her new home at Performing Animals Welfare Society, or PAWS, after the journey from Anchorage, Alaska, to here on a Air Force C-17 Globemaster III Nov. 2. Maggie's trainers from the Alaska Zoo said the elephant handled the trip well and will stay at PAWS for several weeks to help her adjust to life in the sanctuary. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

Maggie, a 25-year-old African elephant, checks out her new home at Performance Animals Welfare Society, or PAWS, after the journey from Anchorage, Alaska, to here on a Air Force C-17 Globemaster III Nov. 2. Maggie's trainers from the Alaska Zoo said the elephant handled the trip well and they will stay at PAWS for several weeks to help her adjust to life in the sanctuary. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

Maggie, an African elephant at the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska, enters the crate that was used to transport her to the Performing Animals Welfare Society ARK 2000 Wildlife Sanctuary in California. An Air Force C-17 Globemaster III from Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, was used to fly Maggie to her new home. Maggie was flown from Elmendorf AFB to Travis AFB, Calif., before being transported to PAWS. (U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Jonathan Steffen)

Maggie, an African elephant at the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska, enters the crate that was used to transport her Nov. 1 to the Performing Animals Welfare Society wildlife sanctuary in California. An Air Force C-17 Globemaster III from Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, was used to fly Maggie to Travis AFB, Calif., before she was transported to PAWS. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Jonathan Steffen)

ANCHORAGE, Alaska -- As zoo officials look on, a crane operator secures Maggie's crate before lifting it for transport from the Alaska Zoo to Elmendorf Air Force Base. (U.S. Air Force by Airman 1st Class Jonathan Steffen)

As zoo officials look on, a crane operator secures the Maggie's crate before lifting it for transport Nov. 1 from the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska, to nearby Elmendorf Air Force Base. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Jonathan Steffen)

ANCHORAGE, Alaska -- The truck used to transport Maggie, an African elephant, departs the Alaska Zoo heading for Elmendorf Air Force Base. Maggie, who had been at the zoo since 1983, was transported via a C-17 to the Performing Animals Welfare Society in California. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Airman 1st Class Jonathan Steffen)

The truck used to transport Maggie, an African elephant, departs the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska, Nov. 1 heading for nearby Elmendorf Air Force Base. Maggie, who had been at the zoo since 1983, was transported by a C-17 Globemaster III to Travis Air Force Base, Calif., where she was then transported by truck to the Performing Animals Welfare Society wildlife sanctuary. (U.S. Air Force photo/Airman 1st Class Jonathan Steffen)

ELMENDORF AIR FORCE BASE, Alaska -- Master Sgt. Stephen Mallory, a loadmaster with the 517th Airlift Squadron, helps secure the crate holding Maggie, a 8,000-pound African elephant, to the C-17 Globemaster III. Sergeant Mallory was one of four loadmasters on Maggie's flight. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

Master Sgt. Stephen Mallory, a loadmaster with the 517th Airlift Squadron at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, helps secure the crate holding Maggie, a 8,000-pound African elephant, in a C-17 Globemaster III. Sergeant Mallory was one of three loadmasters on Maggie's flight to Travis AFB, Calif. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

OVER THE GULF OF ALASKA -- Jamie Logan, a trainer with the Alaska Zoo, gives Maggie a pineapple while traveling aboard a C-17 Globemaster III. Maggie is an 8,000-pound African elephant from the Alaska Zoo, now living at the Performing Animal Welfare Society ARK2000 Wildlife Sanctuary in California. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

Jamie Logan, a trainer with the Alaska Zoo in Anchorage, Alaska, gives Maggie a pineapple while traveling aboard a C-17 Globemaster III from Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, to Travis AFB, Calif. Maggie is an 8,000-pound African elephant that was being moved to the Performance Animal Welfare Society wildlife sanctuary in California. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

OVER THE GULF OF ALASKA -- Margaret Whittaker, an animal behavior consultant and trainer, gives Maggie water while traveling aboard a C-17 Globemaster III. Maggie is an 8,000-pound African elephant, from the Alaska Zoo and is now living at the Performing Animal Welfare Society ARK2000 Wildliek Sanctuary in California. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

Margaret Whittaker, an animal behavior consultant and trainer, gives Maggie water while traveling aboard a C-17 Globemaster III. Maggie is an 8,000-pound African elephant, from the Alaska Zoo and is now living at the Performance Animal Welfare Society ARK2000 Wildliek Sanctuary in California. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

TRAVIS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- A 517th Airlift Squadron C-17 Globemaster III from Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, sits on the tarmac here while the crate carrying Maggie, an 8,000-pound African elephant, is off-loaded for transport to the Performing Animal Welfare Society's ARK 2000 Wildlife Sanctuary. From Travis AFB, Maggie's crate was loaded on a trailer where it made the two-hour drive to her new home. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

A 517th Airlift Squadron C-17 Globemaster III from Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska, sits on the tarmac at Travis AFB, Calif., while the crate carrying Maggie, an 8,000-pound African elephant, is off-loaded for transport to the Performance Animal Welfare Society's wildlife sanctuary. From Travis AFB, Maggie's crate was loaded on a trailer where it made the two-hour drive to her new home. (U.S. Air Force photo/Tech. Sgt. Keith Brown)

ELMENDORF AIR FORCE BASE, Alaska (AFPN) -- As the sun crested over the foothills of San Andreas, Calif., and the compound's gate opened, she knew she was home.

Maggie, the Alaska Zoo's only elephant, arrived at the Performing Animal Welfare Society's ARK 2000 Wildlife Sanctuary Nov. 2, exiting her crate some 15 hours after leaving Elmendorf. 

Air Force officials agreed to assist in moving the 25-year-old pachyderm, since no commercial airlift was available.

"We contacted local authorities in Anchorage and began the lengthy process of requesting an Air Force flight for Maggie," said Pat Derby, PAWS co-founder and president, who agreed to reimburse the Air Force. "After several weeks of negotiating, we secured permission from the Air Force to fly Maggie for a price -- between $215,000 and $300,000." 

All the while, the logistics for the move were being planned. It took several agencies in the Air Force, as well as officials from the Alaska Zoo and PAWS, to ensure the 8,000-pound African elephant would be safely relocated from the Alaska to California.

"She may not have been able to get out (of Alaska) at all if it wasn't for the Air Force," said Ed Stewart, PAWS co-founder and director. "It wasn't just doing it, but the way they did it. They were so thoughtful of her. They made sure they didn't rattle the chains when binding her down.  The climb out of Elmendorf was a certain pitch so as not to tip Maggie and it was probably a good training mission for sensitive cargo like that. It could not have been better."

A C-17 Globemaster III assigned to the 517th Airlift Squadron at Elmendorf was selected as Maggie's aerial transport. The crews tasked to fly the live cargo to Travis Air Force Base, Calif., were a mix of active-duty and Alaska Air National Guard Airmen.

The pilots who planned the flight took into account the take off angle, as well as the aircraft's cruising altitude. In the end, they said Maggie was an excellent passenger.

"There were no problems in flight with Maggie. She seemed comfortable the entire time," said Capt. Blake Johnson, 517th AS mission commander for Operation Maggie Migration. 

He added that the C-17 operated smoothly and the support at Elmendorf helped ensure a smooth flight.

While the pilots were planning, so were the loadmasters. The loadmasters coordinated with the Air Transport Test Loading Activity at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, to develop a load plan for Maggie.

"How many elephants need to be moved from one place to another via (military) air? Not very many. It's a rare, exotic cargo," said Senior Master Sgt. Mark Stamm, 249th Airlift Squadron loadmaster superintendent, who was one of three loadmasters on the flight. "To prepare for the flight, I got back in the books to make sure the restraints for the elephant cage were proper, reviewed the engineering paperwork given to us for restraining the elephant. I also reviewed the loading and offloading procedures."

The crate Maggie traveled in from the zoo to the sanctuary was re-enforced and certified for airlift by Air Force Materiel Command officials before it was loaded on the C-17. The loadmasters, as well as members from the 732nd Air Mobility Squadron tested the plan using the 10,000-pound, 10-by-8-by-18-foot crate.

"We did dry runs of loading the container to ensure it would fit and there would be no problems during loading," said Senior Master Sgt. John Brindley, 732nd AMS airlift services superintendent. "All possible precautions for the elephant and loading were taken care of (days before the flight)."

On moving day, Maggie walked out of her barn at the Alaska Zoo for the last time. She stepped into her crate with encouragement from her trainers. She was secured once fully inside the crate and then the doors shut.

A crane lifted the crate and Maggie on to a flatbed truck and began the 40-minute drive across Anchorage to Elmendorf. Once on base, Maggie and the crate were weighed and transferred from the flatbed to a 60K loader. The mobile conveyor belt was decorated with a banner signed by people wishing the pachyderm well: "Remember to pack your sunglasses," "Have fun," "Hope you get a suntan," "We'll miss you," and more.

The 60K loader then slowly rolled to where the C-17 was parked on the flightline.

As Maggie was being pulled on the aircraft, she trumpeted twice as if to say goodbye to everyone in Alaska and thanks for the memories. The doors to the C-17 closed. She trumpeted once more just before take off as if to say "I'm ready to go."

The Alaska Zoo is the only large zoo in Alaska and is one of the state's biggest attractions, drawing 200,000 visitors each year.

Maggie, who was 1-year-old at the time, came to the Alaska Zoo in 1983, after much of her herd was selectively destroyed in Zimbabwe. She became a companion to Annabelle, an Asian elephant, for the next 15 years. Annabelle died in 1997.

For many years, animal rights activists argued that Maggie's indoor barn and outside yard were inadequate, the Alaska climate too cold, and that her isolation from other elephants was cruel, since elephants, particularly female elephants, are social animals. 

The board of directors of the zoo voted to relocate Maggie in June, since it was in the best interest to her health and well-being to be with other elephants in a milder climate. Shortly after selecting PAWS as Maggie's new home in September, zoo officials contacted Air Force representatives to assist in her move.

Maggie's crate arrived at the zoo in early October. Her trainers immediately began teaching Maggie how to enter the crate. They said Maggie's training was essential for the move and to keep everything positive.

"(We taught her how to stay) calm, got her used to the leg chains and re-enforced that she did what we asked her to and ensured she understood it's all about her," said Jamie Logan, a zoo keeper and Maggie's trainer for the last eight years.

While Mr. Logan and zoo officials agreed it's sad to see Maggie go, they know this move was a good opportunity. The Air Force is a huge part of the community and many people from the base visited Maggie during her time at the zoo.

The flight was a training opportunity for the C-17 crew and didn't interfere with the Air Force mission.

The ARK 2000 Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 85 miles east of Travis AFB. It is 2,300 acres of land with rolling hills, trees, ponds and other facilities made to replicate a natural habitat. Maggie joined four other African elephants and five Asian elephants at her new home. The elephant section of the habitat is 30 acres of varied natural terrain to roam, lakes to bathe in, and state-of-the-art elephant barns equipped with heated stalls and therapeutic pools, according to the PAWS Web site.

"We were faced with a real problem. We had to get Maggie out of Alaska in the late fall," Mr. Stewart said. "It was almost impossible with the short time we had to work to get the crate up there to ensure it was tall enough for her. All the commercial cargo people have small doors on their planes and the veterinarians suggested to not cut her space down, because it would be bad for travel, she wouldn't be comfortable and might have a problem.

"There are only a few planes that can move this type of cargo. I think the C-17 was absolutely up and beyond our wildest dreams," he said.

Upon arrival at ARK 2000, Maggie exited her crate as soon as the last restraining bar was removed. She smelled her new surroundings and went in the barn and began exploring. Her trainers from the Alaska Zoo were by her side the entire trip. They offered her water, treats and gave her a bath inside the barn. Maggie then went outside and was greeted by her new bunkmates: Mara, 71, Lulu and Ruby.

"In Maggie's case, it was just like a text book," said Mr. Stewart. "She came in the first gate and we closed it behind her. She went into three or four different stalls and then came right outside into the shoots. A lot of that is because her keepers from Alaska are with her."

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