HomeAbout UsFact SheetsDisplay

A-10 Thunderbolt II

1990's -- The A-10 Thunderbolt II is the first Air Force aircraft specially designed for close air support of ground forces. They are simple, effective and survivable twin-engine jet aircraft that can be used against all ground targets, including tanks and other armored vehicles. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Greg L. Davis)

1990's -- The A-10 Thunderbolt II is the first Air Force aircraft specially designed for close air support of ground forces. They are simple, effective and survivable twin-engine jet aircraft that can be used against all ground targets, including tanks and other armored vehicles. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Greg L. Davis)

Col. Jon Mott breaks the record for the most documented hours in an A-10 Thunderbolt II during a refueling mission March 30. Colonel Mott, with the Massachusetts Air National Guard's 104 Fighter Wing, has flown more than 4,570 hours in the A-10. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Melanie Norman)

Col. Jon Mott breaks the record for the most documented hours in an A-10 Thunderbolt II during a refueling mission March 30. Colonel Mott, with the Massachusetts Air National Guard's 104 Fighter Wing, has flown more than 4,570 hours in the A-10. (U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Melanie Norman)

1990's -- An A-10 Thunderbolt II takes off on a mission against targets in Yugoslavia. The A-10 and OA-10 Thunderbolt IIs are the first Air Force aircraft specially designed for close air support of ground forces. They are simple, effective and survivable twin-engine jet aircraft that can be used against all ground targets, including tanks and other armored vehicles. (U.S. Air Force photo)

1990's -- An A-10 Thunderbolt II takes off on a mission against targets in Yugoslavia. The A-10 and OA-10 Thunderbolt IIs are the first Air Force aircraft specially designed for close air support of ground forces. They are simple, effective and survivable twin-engine jet aircraft that can be used against all ground targets, including tanks and other armored vehicles. (U.S. Air Force photo)

OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM -- A-10 Thunderbolt IIs ares lined up on the flightline of Tallil Air Base in southern Iraq awaiting pilots.  The aircraft are part of the 442nd Fighter Wing from Whiteman Air Force Base, Mo., which was deployed to Talli and Kirkuk Air Bases in 2003.  (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Terry L. Blevins)

OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM -- A-10 Thunderbolt IIs ares lined up on the flightline of Tallil Air Base in southern Iraq awaiting pilots. The aircraft are part of the 442nd Fighter Wing from Whiteman Air Force Base, Mo., which was deployed to Talli and Kirkuk Air Bases in 2003. (U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Terry L. Blevins)

The A-10 Thunderbolt II has excellent maneuverability at low air speeds and altitude, and is an highly accurate weapons-delivery platform. (U.S. Air Force illustration)

The A-10 Thunderbolt II has excellent maneuverability at low air speeds and altitude, and is an highly accurate weapons-delivery platform. (U.S. Air Force illustration)

Mission
The A-10 Thunderbolt II has excellent maneuverability at low air speeds and altitude, and is a highly accurate and survivable weapons-delivery platform. The aircraft can loiter near battle areas for extended periods of time and operate in low ceiling and visibility conditions. The wide combat radius and short takeoff and landing capability permit operations in and out of locations near front lines. Using night vision goggles, A-10 pilots can conduct their missions during darkness.

Thunderbolt IIs have Night Vision Imaging Systems, or NVIS, goggle compatible single-seat cockpits forward of their wings and a large bubble canopy which provides pilots all-around vision. The pilots are protected by titanium armor that also protects parts of the flight-control system. The redundant primary structural sections allow the aircraft to enjoy better survivability during close air support than did previous aircraft. The aircraft can survive direct hits from armor-piercing and high explosive projectiles up to 23mm. Their self-sealing fuel cells are protected by internal and external foam. Manual systems back up their redundant hydraulic flight-control systems. This permits pilots to fly and land when hydraulic power is lost.

The A-10 has received many upgrades over the years. In 1978, the aircraft received the Pave Penny laser receiver pod, which sensed reflected laser radiation from a laser designator. Pave Penney has now been discontinued in favor more capable advanced targeting pods. The A-10 began receiving an inertial navigation system in 1980. Later, the Low-Altitude Safety and Targeting Enhancement (LASTE) upgrade provided computerized weapon-aiming equipment, an autopilot, and a ground-collision warning system. In 1999, aircraft began to receive Global Positioning System navigation systems and a new multi-function display. In 2005, the entire A-10 fleet began receiving the Precision Engagement upgrades that include an improved fire control system (FCS), electronic countermeasures (ECM), upgraded cockpit displays, the ability to deliver smart bombs, moving map display, hands on throttle and stick, digital stores management, LITENING and Sniper advanced targeting pod integration, situational awareness data link or SADL, variable message format, or VMF, GPS-guided weapons, and upgraded DC power. The entire A-10 fleet has been Precision Engagement modified and now carries the A-10C designation.

The Thunderbolt II can be serviced and operated from austere bases with limited facilities near battle areas. Many of the aircraft's parts are interchangeable left and right, including the engines, main landing gear and vertical stabilizers. Avionics equipment includes multi-band communications; Global Positioning System and inertial navigations systems; infrared and electronic countermeasures against air-to-air and air-to-surface threats. And, it has a heads-up display to display flight and weapons delivery information.

The Thunderbolt II can employ a wide variety of conventional munitions, including general purpose bombs, cluster bomb units, laser guided bombs, joint direct attack munitions or JDAM, wind corrected munitions dispenser or WCMD, AGM-65 Maverick and AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles, rockets, illumination flares, and the GAU-8/A 30mm cannon, capable of firing 3,900 rounds per minute to defeat a wide variety of targets including tanks.

Background
The first production A-10A was delivered to Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Ariz., in October 1975. The upgraded A-10C reached initial operation capability in September 2007. Specifically designed for close air support, its combination of large and varied ordnance load, long loiter time, accurate weapons delivery, austere field capability, and survivability has proven invaluable to the United States and its allies. The aircraft has participated in operations Desert Storm, Southern Watch, Provide Comfort, Desert Fox, Noble Anvil, Deny Flight, Deliberate Guard, Allied Force, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

General characteristics
Primary function: close air support, airborne forward air control, combat search and rescue
Contractor: Fairchild Republic Co.
Power plant: two General Electric TF34-GE-100 turbofans
Thrust: 9,065 pounds each engine
Wingspan: 57 feet, 6 inches (17.42 meters)
Length: 53 feet, 4 inches (16.16 meters)
Height: 14 feet, 8 inches (4.42 meters)
Weight: 29,000 pounds (13,154 kilograms)  Maximum Takeoff Weight: 51,000 pounds (22,950 kilograms)  Fuel Capacity: 11,000 pounds (7,257 kilograms)
Payload: 16,000 pounds (7,257 kilograms)
Speed: 450 nautical miles per hour (Mach 0.75)
Range: 2580 miles (2240 nautical miles)
Ceiling: 45,000 feet (13,636 meters)
Armament: one 30 mm GAU-8/A seven-barrel Gatling gun; up to 16,000 pounds (7,200 kilograms) of mixed ordnance on eight under-wing and three under-fuselage pylon stations, including 500 pound (225 kilograms) Mk-82 and 2,000 pounds (900 kilograms) Mk-84 series low/high drag bombs, incendiary cluster bombs, combined effects munitions, mine dispensing munitions, AGM-65 Maverick missiles and laser-guided/electro-optically guided bombs; infrared countermeasure flares; electronic countermeasure chaff; jammer pods; 2.75-inch (6.99 centimeters) rockets; illumination flares and AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles.
Crew: one
Unit cost: $18.8 million

(Current as of September 2015)

Point of Contact
Air Combat Command, Public Affairs Office; 115 Thompson St., Suite 210; Langley AFB, VA 23665-1987; DSN 574-5007 or 757-764-5007; e-mail: accpa.operations@us.af.mil

 

 

 

Engage

Twitter
RT @grandslamwing: "Accelerate change or lose." - @usairforce CSAF @GenCQBrownJr Since our inception as the 379th Bombardment Group, we…
Twitter
RT @AETCommand: Did you know October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month? This observation ensures that America’s workplaces…
Twitter
RT @cmsaf_official: Culture is who we are, and who we want to be. https://t.co/3SuDArtmdy
Twitter
.@AFSpecOpsCmd Airmen conducted approach and landing training, and fired approximately 600 rounds of .50-caliber am… https://t.co/qvM3IHIfc4
Twitter
RT @GenCQBrownJr: …we must also consider our decisions in the context of the key competitions over time...decisions on our missions & capab…
Twitter
RT @GenCQBrownJr: "Learning from prior recapitalization and modernization plans, we must frame decisions with an enterprise-wide perspectiv…
Twitter
Need a lift? .@Travis60AMW Airmen train @USArmy Soldiers, with the 372nd Inland Cargo Transfer Company & 101st Air… https://t.co/obsYg8PGt9
Twitter
View the Dept. of the Air Force Arctic Strategy here: https://t.co/uKE0S1JL55 #ReadyAF #AimHigh https://t.co/w83LjutnsP
Twitter
Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey helps civilians voice their opinions. Learn more here: https://t.co/IjMPGspYE8
Twitter
Unity among military branches and a combined, all-domain effort could be the difference in winning large-scale, mul… https://t.co/MjKDafCQPD
Twitter
An F-15E Strike Eagle takes off during Mission Assurance Exercise 20-20 @48FighterWing. Exercises like MAX 20-20 in… https://t.co/WWZ9j3IXDM
Twitter
RT @HQ_AFMC: Keeping our B-2s mission ready is no small feat, but with only 20 in the active fleet with a high ops tempo & unique mission,…
Twitter
This is how we do Monday morning coffee. Airmen assigned to the 340th Expeditionary Air Refueling Squadron conduct… https://t.co/cj2zGvX11F
Twitter
The 22nd Airlift Squadron from @Travis60AMW transported 49,000 pounds of humanitarian cargo to Guatemala. The cargo… https://t.co/YFB6Jsn9AJ
Twitter
An MQ-9A Reaper assigned to the 556th Test and Evaluation Squadron sits on the ramp at Creech Air Force Base. This… https://t.co/Zpdho7ZOA0
Twitter
RT @DeptofDefense: Happy #NationalTacoDay 🌮🌮🌮! There’s always room for tacos, right? Watch as former Air Force One flight attendant, @usair
Twitter
Master Sgt. Heriberto Mercado Rodriguez's story of overcoming challenges to reach his military dream. #TotalForcehttps://t.co/MDKz6JbikW
Twitter
Flying is the family business Retiring Lt. Col. Scott Notestine & sons SSgt. Cody Notestine & SSgt. Nick Notestin… https://t.co/HacGYeR3wb
Facebook
The newest Air Force Podcast recently dropped. Listen to a small snippet of CMSAF Kaleth O. Wright talk with Staff Sgt. New about resiliency. Listen to the entire podcast on Youtube: https://go.usa.gov/xpnAD or Subscribe to The Air Force Podcast on iTunes: https://podcasts.apple.com/podcast/the-air-force-podcast/id1264107694?mt=2
Facebook
Our mantra, "Always ready!" It's the spirit we fly by! #B2Tuesday
Facebook
Need some motivation to get your week started off right? Listen as CMSAF Kaleth O. Wright weighs in...
Facebook
The U.S. Air Force Academy gives its cadets some unique opportunities. Ride along one of this opportunities.
Facebook
A United States Air Force KC-135 Stratotanker refuels an F-22 Raptor over northern Iraq, Nov. 6, 2019. U.S. Central Command operations deter adversaries and demonstrate support for allies and partners in the region. (Video by Staff Sgt. Daniel Snider)
Facebook
Although the Silver Star is the third-highest military medal, it's not given often. Today, TSgt Cody Smith was the 49th Special Tactics Airman to receive this medal since Sept. 11th, 2001. Read more of TSgt Smith's amazing story: https://www.airforcespecialtactics.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/2024815/special-tactics-airman-battled-through-injuries-awarded-silver-star/fbclid/IwAR2LZWwx1VHdTnQe39rIEBOuJS_0JvMQBBGt7I-E6zsxxn-Lx9387yu43Bc/ Cannon Air Force Base Air Force Special Operations Command United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) U.S. Department of Defense (DoD)
Facebook
Tune in as our Air Force musicians along with other military musicians are awarded the National Medal of Arts.
Facebook
Like Us
Twitter
1,288,767
Follow Us